Prince of Wales College and School, later Achimota College was founded in Achimota, Gold Coast (now Ghana) in 1924 by Dr. James Emman Kwegyir Aggrey, Rev. Alexander
Garden Fraser, and Sir Gordon Guggisberg, the British Governor of the Gold Coast (1919-
1927), as an elite secondary school based on the British model of public education.
Governor Guggisberg urged local Gold Coast residents to create the institution to provide
teacher training, technical training, and secondary schooling for the colony.
The Governor’s request came after a committee he appointed in 1920 to investigate
education in the Gold Coast, recommended establishing a secondary boarding school.
The committee also recommended its location, in the coastal town of Achimota, about ten miles from Accra, the capital of the Gold Coast.
James Emman Kwegyir Aggrey
Born and raised in the Gold Coast Colony, Dr. Aggrey served as a teacher and secretary of
the Aborigines Rights Protection Society before going on to the United States where he
earned a B.A. at Livingstone College, a small African American institution in North Carolina, and his Ph.D. from Columbia University.
Desiring the involvement of Dr. Aggrey in founding Achimota, Governor Guggisberg
acceded to all three terms set forth by Dr. Aggrey: African members of staff occupy an
equal position to Europeans; appointments would be the discretion of the principal, rather
than the colonial government; and the school would teach children as young as six.
Even though Guggisberg’s Committee recommended that girls not be admitted, Dr. Aggrey and Rev. A. G. Fraser stipulated that Achimota must be coeducational.
Achimota College hired staff before there were buildings, so that teachers could study the
local languages, establish local interest, and gain experience teaching in Gold Coast schools.
On January 28, 1927, Achimota College was formally opened with 120 students.
The College was government-funded and in a unique break from missionary education
tradition, it was interdenominational, with students and staff practicing their own
denomination of Christianity. Additionally attending religious services was optional.
In 1948 Achimota College became three separate institutions, the University College of the
Gold Coast (now the University of Ghana), the Achimota Teacher Training College, and Achimota School.
Achimota College still operates today as Achimota School under the oversight of the Ghana
Education Service, providing a senior high school education to young women and men.
The Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology (KNUST) also had its roots in Achimota College’s Engineering School.
- “Achimota School: 15 Successful Ghanaians Who Attended The Legendary College”. Ghana News Today | Latest
- News on BuzzGhana.com. 3 March 2017. Archived from the original on 23 February 2018. Retrieved 23 February 2018.